Scotland Population 2024

Scotland population

Scotland is part of the United Kingdom and it is located at the northern third of the island of Great Britain with population over 5.4 million. This country shares border with England, majority or its parts are covered by the great Atlantic Ocean. The North Sea is in the direction of the east sea and the Irish sea is in the direction of south-west. Scotland is a country with 790 islands.

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh, which is the second largest country in the country. Edinburgh was the main focus of the enlightenment that occurred in the country during eighteenth century. The largest city in Scotland is Glasgow, this city has one largest seaport in UK.

Based on our research, Scotland population will reach 5.583 million by 1st July of 2024. We use first day of July each year due to Office for National Statistics (ONS) normally publishes the estimated population data for the same period. The calculation is based on the average growth rate of 0.42% over last 12 years since 2011. We believe using the recent years’ figures (see the table in next section) will make the estimation more accurate.

Population Growth of Scotland

The population of Scotland has been increasing every decade since 1970’s from that point. There was a modest reduction in the population of the country during the 1970’s and 1990’s. The population of the country dropped from 5.229 Million in the year 1971 to 5.062 Million in 2001.

Looking back last twelve years, the population growth of Scotland is slow but consistent ranging from 0.09% to 0.93% adding 5,000 to 50,000 people to the overall population.

Year Population (Million) Growth rate
2011 5.29 n/a
2012 5.295 0.09%
2013 5.32 0.47%
2014 5.35 0.56%
2015 5.4 0.93%
2016 5.422 0.41%
2017 5.43 0.15%
2018 5.45 0.37%
2019 5.47 0.37%
2020 5.494 0.45%
2021 5.515 0.38%
2022 5.54 0.45%
2023 5.56 0.36%

Demographics of Scotland

The largest ethnic group in Scotland is the white community, estimated to be around 96.02% of the population. Although, only 83.95% of the population verified that they are white. The other substantial ethnic groups in the country includes:

  • Asians (2.66% of the population)
  • African (0.56% of the population)
  • Mixed races (0.37% of the population)
  • Caribbean or Black (0.11% of the population)

Christianity is the major religion in Scotland, with 53.8% of the population declaring they are Christians in the registration done in 2011. The percentage of Christians in 2011 shows that there is reduction in the percentage of Christians in the population when compared to the population of Christians in 2001.

The Church of Scotland dominates the population of Christians in Scotland with 32.4% of the total population of the country. Other groups of Christians include the Roman Catholic (15.9%) and other Christians (5%).

The common language in Scotland is English with 93% of population indicating that English is their natural dialect. 1% of the population speaks Polish as their natural dialect.

Population Density of Scotland

Scotland has a population density of 65 people per square kilometer.

Facts About Scotland

  1. Edinburg has a peculiar fire brigade that makes it the essential city on the earth.
  2. The first football match in the world was played between England and Scotland at Glasgow. Scotland have a well-developed football league
  3. Scotch whisky is known worldwide; many people outside Scotland has made good reference to the special quality of scotch whisky.
  4. The most prominent bread in Scotland is shortbread
  5. The oldest bank in UK is the Bank of Scotland.


The following links provide data for this topic: